English

仮定法

直接法と仮定法の違い?

直接法とは?

あることを事実として述べること

仮定法とは?

あることを仮定として述べること

条件文

未来の条件にwillはいらない!

例)仮定法には気持ちが乗っかる。

If it was fine today, we would go on a picnic.

今日の晴れたら〜、〜するのに!

If it had been fine yesterday, we would have gone on a picnic.

had + 過去分詞 が来ると

本節は would /could /might have P.P

If の置き換えは??

I wish   I were a bird.

鳥ならなぁ〜 (それ以降は省略できる手法!)

If it was fine today, we would go on a picnic.

If を I wishへ変換する。

I wish  it was bird.

If を削除することができる

Had it been fine yesterday, we would have gone on a picnic

 

演習

I think it’s about time, I was leaving.

もうおいとましなくてはいけない時間です。

If only we had known the truth two weeks ago.

⇨ I wish の強調版

Were I in your place, I would accept the transfer to the New York branch.

私があなたの立場なら、ニューヨーク支社への転勤に応じるだろう

Should you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to call me.

もしも、質問があるならば、私に電話してください。

If I lived near my office, I wouldn’t have been late for work.

If I lived near my office, I wouldn’t be late for work.

会社の近くに住んでいたら、私は仕事に遅れないだろう

 

〜なら・・・だ

条件節

・単なる条件=解放条件

(可能性が50%以上

例題

直接法

if it is fine tomorrow, we will go on a picnic.

if you study hard, you can pass the exam.

仮定法

If I were younger, I would accept their offer.

仮定法過去完了

If I had been younger, I would have accepted their offer.